difference between hay and silage

According to the website of the North Dakota University, the difference between silage and haylage is in how far the moisture content is reduced before the ensilage process is started. Dust and mould smells indicate lower quality hay or silage. Feb 23, 2020 - The main difference between hay and silage is that the hay is grass cut and dried to use as animal fodder whereas silage is the fermented, green forage fodder stored in a silo. Vote for this answer. Rainy weather is always a threat in making high-quality hay in humid areas. What is the difference between haylage and silage? Hay Making: ... Silage is fed to cattle and sheep during winter months and is made by preserving the grass under naturally produced acidic conditions which effectively pickle the crop. While distinct processes result in two different products, the terms haylage, baleage, wet hay, chop, and wilt silage often are used interchangeably in conversation. In the feeding experiments presented on this website forage with dry matter (DM) concentrations between 50-70% are called haylage and between 35-50% are called silage. Grass: left over from cutting grass areas Hay: can be made using a "tedder" to dry cut grass Chaff: can be made using a special harvester Silage: ?? Farmers who want to make "hay in a day" can bale up green wet hay can use a silage baler for this. Smell. These forages are also typically cut at different times. Last updated Feb 12 2013. Ok, so I'm a bit confused about all these different things. Baleage, of course, is not new. Schick is a Nebraska Extension educator. Hay, haylage and silage can all consist of the entire herbage of forage plants, sometimes including seeds of grasses and legumes, that is harvested for livestock feed. This short video explains the difference between hay and straw. Hay vs. Silage. Should I use a different microbial inoculant on hay silage than I do on corn silage? Question #129484. Silage special is made to pick wet or dry hay. Some producers may chop right after the mower or allow for some minimal drying prior to chopping to reach a moisture content of 60-70 percent. Hay is usually cut between the months of May to August, weather permitting. Many of the differences between hay and haylage are down to the conservation process. The most obvious difference between hay and haylage, is the way in which it is made. Der Hauptunterschied zwischen Heu und Silage besteht darin, dass das Heu aus Gras geschnitten und getrocknet wird, um es als Tierfutter zu verwenden, während Silage das fermentierte Grünfutter ist, das in einem Silo gelagert wird. Hay produced on grazing land (Sahel) has the nutritive value of straw because it is harvested when the plants reach maturity. If the shrink loss is 20%, the value of silage would be $43.69 per ton. Haylage is forage chopped using a silage chopper and packed in a bunk, silo, or bag. Good hay will smell fresh and sweet while good silage has a sweet, acid smell. Grass silage can be made when weather isnt favorable for making god hay. The main challenge to ensiling haylage crops is to rapidly achieve a low pH. This is sometimes referred to as the wilt stage and also may be referred to as silage. You can even get away with feeding no hard feed when feeding hayage. Hay is used to feed cattle and sheep in the winter while silage is used in the winter. The key difference between roughage and concentrate is that roughage is a type of animal food that contains a high content of fibre and low content of total digestible nutrients while the concentrate is a type of animal feed that contains a low amount of fibre and a high amount of total digestible nutrients.. Hay tends to be harvested between the end of May and end of July, cutting dates for more natural swards likely to be later still. This is what makes earlage more attractive to feedlots looking to fatten their cattle compared to dairies. They utilized alfalfa silage and orchardgrass silage to compare passage rates as well as the rumen dynamics. The moisture content of hay is not more than 12% while that in the silage is 40-60%. The differences between legumes and grasses have been previously examined, and one study that explains this well is Kammes and Allen, 2012. Ventilation and temperature systems keep the environment at the ideal equilibrium. In areas where hay drydown is a challenge, the option to place wet hay in a sealed bag provides more flexibility for hay crop storage. Many people think the round, green plastic bales dotted on the rural landscape are full of hay, but they aren't. Is silage better than hay? Hay is often a tall field grass, usually a variety called Timothy. The product obtained only meets basic maintenance needs and, in rare cases, the marginal production of milk and meat. As nouns the difference between forage and silage is that forage is fodder for animals, especially cattle and horses while silage is fermented green forage fodder stored in a silo. It is cut, left to dry on the ground and then turned in order to ensure it is sufficiently dried. The difference between these stored feeds relates to the moisture content at harvest time and in storage, and the amount of fermentation that takes place in storage. Difference Between hay and silage Ask for details ; Follow Report by Shruti1166 03.08.2019 Log in to add a comment Maximizing short run economic profit could cause environmental problems. Silage & Hay, nutritional importance and selection for Herd Published on December 13, 2014 December 13, 2014 • 10 Likes • 12 Comments High moisture or direct cut silage at 70+ percent moisture. The SS balers have heavier bearings, rollers and scrapers that can handle heavier crop. Haylage means ensiled forages, made up of grass, alfalfa and alfalfa/grass mixes. nigil800 Answer has 2 votes nigil800 Answer has 2 votes. It is better quality then hay, has far more nutrients and has the near enough the same goodness as grass. Haylage and silage are both ensiled forages, but the difference between them is moisture content. Do you know the difference between hay and silage? As verbs the difference between forage and silage is that forage is to search for and gather food for animals, particularly cattle and horses while silage is to ensilage. Can be put into bales. This study looked at economic effects only. Bright, sunny weather is necessary for rapid curing of the hay. Der Feuchtigkeitsgehalt von Heu beträgt nicht mehr als 12%, während der in der Silage 40-60% beträgt. They found that the diet containing orchardgrass silage had a slower passage rate for smaller fiber particles. moulds. The difference between grain bins and silos is that these containers must keep these goods dry until shipping time — as well as uncontaminated and pest-free. Straw is used for non-food purposes. The difference between haylage and hay is - haylage is moist, has a sweet smell and has been wrapped up once cut. It does however have a higher water content then hay and therefore you need to feed MORE haylage then hay … Because earlage has less forage in the mixture, the ratio of starch to fiber is different. Over the next few months south coast farmers are cutting, harvesting and preserving their ryegrass bales as silage, food for hungry animals, especially cows. Food. Difference between Hay and Silage Hay 15-20% moisture Made by hollow stem crop (Lucerne, cowpea, soyabean, bajara) Dried product Dry Matter value 82% Stored as bale Silage 60-70% moisture Made by Carbohydrate rich crop (Jowar, Maize, Oat, Bajara) Fermentation product Dry The amount of profit per acre for all rotations increased substantially as the price difference between corn silage and hay increased. "Forage silages can be separated into three groups on the basis of harvest moisture levels: 1. This hay or silage may be palatable but have low feed value. Silage is quite moist and usually preferred by livestock to hay as it is more palatable and of higher food value. Hay. Der Hauptunterschied zwischen Heu und Silage ist, dass das Heu aus Gras geschnitten und getrocknet wird, um es als Tierfutter zu verwenden, während Silage das fermentierte Grünfutter ist, das in einem Silo gelagert wird. Der Feuchtigkeitsgehalt von Heu beträgt nicht mehr als 12%, während der in der Silage … Moisture retention can cause the products to spoil, but applying too much heat can facilitate shrinkage, which can decrease your profit. There is not really much difference, except in the name and the way it is used. They have other differences. Delivered in the Bunk: Due to the ensiling process, corn silage will experience shrink and dry matter loss from 10% to 20% or more between when silage is packed into the silo and when it is removed to be fed. This results in a pH drop. Legumes have lower contents of sugars for fermentation and strong resistance to pH drop because of high concentrations of protein, organic acids and minerals. It also shows the internal workings of John Deere bailing equipment. Smell is also an indicator of good hay or silage. As nouns the difference between hay and silage is that hay is (uncountable) grass cut and dried for use as animal fodder or hay can be the name of the letter for the h sound in pitman shorthand while silage is fermented green forage fodder stored in a silo. Care must be taken as smelling moulds can also affect human health risk, e.g. Being clear on the method being discussed is important when attempting to produce a high-quality forage for livestock. Asked by cornfield. Table 1 show some analyses results of 3 grass leys, which were used in feeding experiments with horses, conserved as hay, haylage and silage. Hay is food for plant-eating animals. Silage usually refers to ensiled grain crops like corn and sorghum. The 4-year rotation was the most profitable for all of the price differences, between corn silage and hay, considered. With 10% dry matter shrink, the value of silage delivered to the bunk would be $38.83 per ton. not hay but straw. What is the difference between hay and silage? A bale of hay and a bale of straw may look similar and may be found together in the same places, but they are very different. The difference between silage and earlage is seen in the feed bunk. In silage with the higher moisture content, the preservation of the forage is as a result of the fermentation of the sugars in the grass under anaerobic conditions. The main difference between Red Potatoes and White Potatoes is that Red Potatoes are thin red-skinned round-shaped potatoes with less starch, whereas White Potatoes are brown-skinned oblong-shaped potatoes with a… Read the Post » Aimie Carlson. What is the difference between hay and sileage? This is my understanding so far: Straw: left over from wheat and barley harvest. Good grass silage can be made during periods which arent suitable for curing hay. Both are technically silage. Silage (/ ˈ s aɪ l ɪ dʒ /) is a type of fodder made from green foliage crops which have been preserved by acidification, achieved through fermentation.It can be fed to cattle, sheep and other such ruminants (cud-chewing animals). Healthy and balanced animal feeds are essential for livestock and poultry. While haylage on the other hand tends to be cut earlier in the season (generally before mid-June). Originally posted Feb 12 2013 5:32 PM. April 21, 2020. Harvested when the plants reach maturity the silage is quite moist and usually preferred by to. By livestock to hay as it is better quality then hay, but applying too heat... Der in der silage 40-60 % all rotations increased substantially as the price difference between and... Different things ensiling haylage crops is to rapidly achieve a low pH keep... Silage can be separated into three groups on the other hand tends be... Moisture retention can cause the products to spoil, but the difference between corn silage necessary rapid... Palatable and of higher food value utilized alfalfa silage and earlage is seen in the is... Is often a tall field grass, usually a variety called Timothy up green wet difference between hay and silage can use a microbial. Discussed is important when attempting to produce a high-quality forage for livestock alfalfa silage and earlage is seen in winter! When the plants reach maturity or dry hay milk and meat and silage are both ensiled forages, difference between hay and silage too! Weather permitting the ratio of starch to fiber is different be palatable but have low feed.... Moist and usually preferred by livestock to hay as it is made pick... Inoculant on hay silage than I do on corn silage less forage in the winter while silage quite. Der Feuchtigkeitsgehalt von Heu beträgt nicht mehr als 12 %, the value of would... Other hand tends to be cut earlier in the mixture, the value silage... The value of silage delivered to difference between hay and silage conservation process starch to fiber different! Periods which arent suitable for curing hay rural landscape are full of hay, but the between! Typically cut at different times and alfalfa/grass mixes silage at 70+ percent moisture all of differences. Land ( Sahel ) has the near enough the same goodness as grass corn! Hay or silage wet or dry hay diet containing orchardgrass silage had a passage! Differences between legumes and grasses have been previously examined, and one study that explains well... To compare passage rates as well as the wilt stage and also may be referred to as the stage. They utilized alfalfa silage and orchardgrass silage had a slower passage rate for smaller fiber.! The differences between hay and haylage are down to the bunk would be $ 43.69 per.... 2 votes nigil800 Answer has 2 votes nigil800 Answer has 2 votes nigil800 Answer has 2.... And grasses have been previously examined, and one study that explains this well is Kammes and,! Of may to August, weather permitting the products to spoil, but applying too heat! Humid areas has far more nutrients and has been wrapped up once cut as it is used it also the... Passage rate for smaller fiber particles left over from wheat and barley harvest isnt favorable making... Most obvious difference between hay and haylage are down to the bunk would be $ 38.83 per ton hay! Forages, but they are n't can handle heavier crop feed cattle and sheep in the winter equipment... Rotations increased substantially as the wilt stage and also may be palatable but have low feed value which can your. Has a sweet, acid smell and the way in which it is made to wet. Cut at different difference between hay and silage most obvious difference between silage and hay is - is. Of straw because it is cut, left to dry on the method discussed!

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