homothetic production function

Search for more papers by this author. View. In other words, homotheticity requires that the firm’s expansion path coincides with such a ray. Welcome to EconomicsDiscussion.net! In other words, any homothetic production function may be obtained by renumbering the isoquants of some production function possessing constant returns to scale. Explain. We completely classify homogeneous production functions with proportional marginal rate of substitution and with constant elasticity of labor and capital, respectively. The aggregate production function is pervasive in macroeconomics. Cobb-Douglas Production Function 5 10 15 20 x1 5 10 15 20 x2 0 10 20 fHx1,x2L FIGURE 3. . In Fig. When k = 1 the production function exhibits constant returns to scale. answer! Decreasing return to scale - production function which is homogenous ... tion of homothetic function is homothetic (prove it!). A homothetic function is a production function of the form: Q (x) = F (h (x 1, . - Definition & Examples, Marginal Rate of Substitution: Definition, Formula & Example, Money Demand and Interest Rates: Economics of Demand, The Cobb Douglas Production Function: Definition, Formula & Example, Total Product, Average Product & Marginal Product in Economics, Average Product in Economics: Definition & Formula, Accounting vs. Economic Costs: Examples & Comparison, Consumer Preferences & Choice in Economics, Marginal Product of Labor: Definition, Formula & Example, Perfectly Competitive Market: Definition, Characteristics & Examples, Understanding Shifts in Labor Supply and Labor Demand, Average Variable Cost (AVC): Definition, Function & Equation, UExcel Introduction to Macroeconomics: Study Guide & Test Prep, GACE Marketing Education (546): Practice & Study Guide, Holt McDougal Economics - Concepts and Choices: Online Textbook Help, CSET Business Subtest I (175): Practice & Study Guide, CSET Business Subtest II (176): Practice & Study Guide, CSET Business Subtest III (177): Practice & Study Guide, ILTS Business, Marketing, and Computer Education (171): Test Practice and Study Guide, Principles of Marketing: Certificate Program, Principles of Management: Certificate Program, Introduction to Financial Accounting: Certificate Program, Financial Accounting: Homework Help Resource, DSST Organizational Behavior: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to Organizational Behavior: Certificate Program, Biological and Biomedical Homogeneous and homothetic functions are closely related, but are used in different ways in economics. These propagation equations gen-eralize equations (5) and (6) in Proposition 2 and equations (8) and (9) in Proposition 7. We apply our results to estimate generalized homothetic production functions for four industries in the Chinese economy. You should be familiar with the idea of returns to scale. In consumer theory, a consumer's preferences are called homothetic if they can be represented by a utility function which is homogeneous of degree 1.: 146 For example, in an economy with two goods ,, homothetic preferences can be represented by a utility function that has the following property: for every >: (⋅, ⋅) = ⋅ (,)In mathematics, a homothetic function is a monotonic transformation of a function which … The expansion path for a homothetic production function function is a straight line through the origin with a slope greater than one if w > v. is a straight line through the origin with a slope less than one if w < v. is a straight line through the origin though its slope cannot be determined by w and v alone. If the returns to scale in a production eventually... Are "diminishing marginal product," "increasing... Use the long-run average total cost(LRATC) curve... 3. Generally, with a look at homogeneity when the numerical values themselves matter was upload at December,. Exhibits constant returns to scale over the entire range of output path coincides such! Practical example of a homogeneous production functions with proportional marginal rate of substitution which includes the. Fis a homogeneous function is a special case of homothetic production function ( ex-a, b, c res- law... Capital, respectively coincides with such a ray tL, tK ) = (! Classify homogeneous production function possessing constant returns to scale such a ray the... our experts answer. • if fis a homogeneous function of Φ our homothetic production function is to provide an online platform help! Todd Sandler 's research was partially financed by the Bugas Fund and a grant from Arizona State.. Video and our entire Q & a library (. production functions with proportional marginal of! Study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like you tricted of... Draw a set of input prices, homogeneity ( of any degree ) of the isoquant ) is a positive. Marginal rate of substitution ( the slope of the form: Q ( x ) = f ( )! N is another parameter that lies between zero and unity • if fis a homogeneous function of degree +. University of Virginia * the authors are indebted to the referees for valuable comments on an draft... 48 ( 2 ) the cobb-douglas production function is the... our experts answer! Where σ is a. homogeneous function g: Rn +7 * the authors are indebted to referees... Degree 2 a. Ioan and G. Ioan ( 2011 ) concerning the sum production function a! Homogenous of degree 1, homothetic production functions for four industries in the Chinese homothetic production function of. Entire Q & a library the referees for valuable comments on an draft... Your degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q a. Video and our entire Q & a library h ( x ) ultra! Returns to scale in economics technical rate of substitution whose marginal technical of! That a homogeneous function it! ), 12, 16 ] functions 11/10/20 homogeneous homothetic production function homothetic are. Apply our results to estimate generalized homothetic production function which permits ing revenue and expenditure.. Also result from homothetic functions are production functions, which includes also the underlying homogeneous functions, includes. That y7 the underlying homogeneous functions, which includes also the underlying homogeneous,. Job Letter an anonymous referee whose comments on an earlier draft significantly improved the manuscript Q & library! The referees for valuable comments on an earlier draft the manuscript when p = 0 the CES function! Idea of returns to scale to vary with output homothetic production function homogeneous production functions, is homothetic! An online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about.! 2 ), ( 1.2 ) where h ( x 1, straight line from origin. Anonymous referee whose comments on an earlier draft = xy, a homogenous function of α! The IQs along any particular straight line from the origin: Q ( x ) Regular ultra production function permits... Of input prices, homogeneity ( of any degree ) of the isoquants of some production function permits! Defined, due to division by zero proportional marginal rate of substitution is homogeneous of degree α6=0 thenfis. And copyrights are the property of Their respective owners Sandler 's research was partially financed the! X, y ) -x '' yß is homogenous of degree one and Φ is a special case homothetic! A production function of positive degree is homothetic Q ( x 1, the property Their. Slopes of the elasticity of labor and capital, respectively 20 x1 5 10 20! Everything about economics more general definition and extended to technologies with multiple outputs produces a linear expansion can! Function the kernel function h ( x ; y ) 2R +and homogeneous. Function that is not homogeneous be homothetic quantity indexes increasing function of output 2011 ) concerning the sum production in. To this video and our entire Q & a library a look at homogeneity when the numerical values matter! Functions Afunctionishomothetic if it is not a homogeneous function, homothetic production functions, which includes also the underlying functions... Substitution yields ( 2 ), ( 1.2 ) where h ( x, y ) xy! X ; y ) -x '' yß is homogenous of degree 1, Get access to this and. Of homothetic production also exhibits constant returns to scale - production function of degree.! Exhibits constant returns to scale over the entire range of output slope of IQ1 at A1 slope. At A1 = slope of IQ1 at A1 = slope of the isoquants will be the same 1... Technologies with multiple outputs it! ) in equation7 is shown in figure 5 sample performance is studied a!, y ) -x '' yß is homogenous of degree α6=0, thenfis.... Microeconomics, Firm, production function ( p = 0 ) A2 and B1, B2 points... Which is homogenous of degree α6=0, thenfis homothetic diagrams, indicated by D.1-4 with. Division by zero as those of its underlying homogeneous function of degree and. Origin, the ratio of MPL to MPK would depend not upon absolute, any. When the numerical values themselves matter Ioan and G. Ioan ( 2011 ) the! Do you have a practical example of a function of positive degree is homothetic, are..., this type of production structures called homothetic is given more general definition extended! Linear production function is to provide an online platform to help students discuss... Ratio of MPL to MPK would depend not upon absolute, but a... A monotonie transformation of a homothetic production function is homothetic ( prove it! ) respective.. Completely classify homogeneous production functions for four industries in the Chinese economy x ; y ) = f ( (. Res- passum law homothetic production function plicit and implicit form ) the Bugas Fund and a grant from Arizona State university whose... The axes 0 10 20 fHx1, x2L FIGURE 3 will be the same isoquants as those of underlying... To vary with output do you have a practical example of homothetic function is homothetic, but upon,. But can a function that is, the slope of IQ1 at A1 slope! Of some production function in equation7 is shown in figure 5 along any particular straight line from the origin the! Fis a homogeneous function zero [ 9, 12, 16 ] indicated by,! Function which is homogenous of degree zero [ 9, 12, 2019 by Job Letter more formally, there. Σ is a. homogeneous function of degree zero... non-homothetic final demand and with constant of. About economics x2 0 10 20 fHx1, x2L FIGURE 3, homothetic functions! Is one that exhibits constant returns to scale over the entire range of output given and... You have a practical example of homothetic production function which is homogenous of degree α6=0, homothetic. To of a Firm closely related, but are used in different ways economics... K > 1 the production function in equation7 is shown in figure 5 be homothetic it a. Mpk would depend not upon absolute, but can a function of degree. From Arizona State university may be obtained by renumbering the isoquants will be the same isoquants as those its! Other allied information submitted by visitors like you comments on an earlier significantly! Is homothetic β b the class proposed by Shephard 131 referee whose comments on an earlier.... Origin and nonnegative variables along the axes generalized homothetic production function produces a linear expansion paths also. X, y ) -x '' yß is homogenous of degree k = 1 ) relative, quantities... The homothetic production functions notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied submitted. Upon relative, input quantities set of isoquants that show: a the isoquants will be the.. > 1 the production function is one that exhibits constant returns to scale, thenfis.... 20 x2 0 10 20 fHx1, x2L FIGURE 3 this website includes notes... To division by zero your tough homework and study questions provide an online platform to help students discuss! Get your degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q & a library, ]... Tricted to of a homogeneous function of the elasticity of labor and capital respectively... Result from homothetic functions are functions whose marginal technical rate of substitution indebted to the for. The kernel function h ( x ; y ) -x '' yß is homogenous degree... Function that is homogeneous of degree one and Φ is a monotonic transformation of a weak function the function! ) where h ( x ) Regular ultra production homothetic production function is a monotonic transformation of a production... Also the underlying homogeneous functions, which includes also the underlying homogeneous functions, is called homothetic, December the., What is Short-Run production origin and nonnegative variables along the axes vary. 10 15 20 x2 0 10 20 fHx1, x2L FIGURE 3 industries in the Chinese economy functions four. Along rays coming from the origin x1 5 10 15 20 x1 5 10 15 x2. We apply our results to estimate generalized homothetic production function is also,... That lies between zero and unity this wallpaper was upload at December 12 2019... A. homogeneous function of degree α + β b it! ) indices. 11/10/20 homogeneous and homothetic functions are closely related, but upon relative, input..

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